Male champions were married to their female counterparts.
In other tribes, such as the Yala of Nigeria, the Fon of Benin, and the Njabi of the Congo, boys and girls grappled with each other.
If ball games were contests rather than noncompetitive ritual performances, such as the , then they were sports in the most rigorously defined sense.
That it cannot simply be assumed that they were contests is clear from the evidence presented by Greek and Roman antiquity, which indicates that ball games had been for the most part playful pastimes like those recommended for health by the Greek physician Galen in the 2nd century It is unlikely that the 7th-century Islamic conquest of North Africa radically altered the traditional sports of the region.
It must also be understood that the sports that have most excited the passions of humankind, as participants and as spectators, have required a great deal more physical prowess than a game of shuffleboard.
Through the ages, sports heroes have demonstrated awesome strength, speed, stamina, endurance, and dexterity.
The Tutsi and Hutu of Rwanda were among the peoples who staged contests between females.
Among the various peoples of sub-Saharan Africa, wrestling matches were a way to celebrate or symbolically encourage human fertility and the earth’s fecundity.
Ball games were rare, but wrestling of one kind or another was ubiquitous.Despite the clarity of the definition, difficult questions arise. It is if one understands the activity as a contest between the climber and the mountain or as a competition between climbers to be the first to accomplish an ascent.Are the drivers at the Indianapolis 500 automobile race really athletes?Sports, physical contests pursued for the goals and challenges they entail.Sports are part of every culture past and present, but each culture has its own definition of sports.