Sinai being traditionally Gebel Musa near Saint Catherine's Monastery).
On the basis of recent archaeological work, I concluded that a Moses-led group would have encountered little, if any, opposition if it had passed through the territories in question during the periods traditionally associated with this event.
So, even if one could establish a 7th-6th century B. itinerary for the Exodus it still would not be the "real" route, the real route was, paradoxically, "the way to the land of the Philistines" (Ex ):"Now when Pharaoh let the people go, God did not lead them by way of the land of the Philistines, although it was nearer; for God said, "The people may have a change of heart when they see war, and return to Egypt.
So God led the people roundabout, by the way of the wilderness at the Sea of Reeds." Professor Hoffmeier (who prefers a 13th century B. Exodus) has objected to Professor Redford's proposal that the mid-16th century B. Hyksos Expulsion is being recast as the Hebrew Exodus.
With this archaeological and topographical information about Hebua in mind, the meaning of Exodus is now clear.
The way to the coastal highway had an insurmountable barrier, the fortress Tjaru..."I understand that the Bible's "internal chronology" suggests the Exodus was the Hyksos expulsion of circa 1540 B. They most likely fled along "the way of Horus" (biblical "way to the land of the Philistines") to Sharuhen near Gaza, the Egyptian army later pursued and defeated them at this location (Tell el Ajjul).