The Portuguese Franciscans and Jesuits built several churches in the city, prominent being the St.
Michael's Church at Mahim (1534), The Portuguese also built several fortifications around the city like the Bombay Castle, Castella de Aguada (Castelo da Aguada or Bandra Fort), and Madh Fort.
From 1665 to 1666, the English managed to acquire Mahim, Sion, Dharavi, and Wadala.
From 1782 onwards, the city was reshaped with large-scale civil engineering projects aimed at merging all the seven islands into a single amalgamated mass.
It is also home to some of India's premier scientific and nuclear institutes like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Nuclear Power Corporation of India, Indian Rare Earths, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Atomic Energy Commission of India, and the Department of Atomic Energy.
The city also houses India's Hindi (Bollywood) and Marathi cinema industries.
The success of the British campaign in the Deccan marked the end of all attacks by native powers.
As the capital of the Bombay Presidency, the city witnessed the Indian independence movement, with the Quit India Movement in 1942 and The Royal Indian Navy Mutiny in 1946 being its most notable events.
1877 in Paris): "Etymologists have wrongly derived this name from the Portuguese Bōa Bahia, or (French: "bonne bai", English: "good bay"), not knowing that the tutelar goddess of this island has been, from remote antiquity, Bomba, or Mamba Dévi, and that she still..., possesses a temple".It is the most populous city in India with an estimated city proper population of 12.4 million as of 2011.Along with the neighbouring regions of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region, it is second most populous metropolitan area in India, with a population of 21.3 million as of 2016 For centuries, the islands were under the control of successive indigenous empires before being ceded to the Portuguese Empire and subsequently to the East India Company when in 1661 Charles II of England married Catherine of Braganza and as part of her dowry Charles received the ports of Tangier and Seven Islands of Bombay.Find people in your town and elsewhere with the same interests as you, people who do not know who you would like to know, to have a new friendship, for a stable relationship, finally, to which arising.; also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.