Water was brought from Nine Wells, at the foot of the Gog Magog Hills, into the centre of the town.
Cambridge played a significant role in the early part of the English Civil War as it was the headquarters of the Eastern Counties Association, an organisation administering a regional East Anglian army, which became the mainstay of the Parliamentarian military effort before the formation of the New Model Army.
With more than a third of English clergy dying in the Black Death, four new colleges were established at the university over the following years to train new clergymen, namely Gonville Hall, Trinity Hall, Corpus Christi and Clare.
In 1382 a revised town charter effects a "diminution of the liberties that the community had enjoyed", due to Cambridge's participation in the Peasants' Revolt.
The eastern side followed Magrath Avenue, with the southern side running near to Chesterton Lane and Kettle's Yard before turning northwest at Honey Hill.) Anglo-Saxon grave goods have been found in the area.
During this period, Cambridge benefited from good trade links across the hard-to-travel fenlands.
By the 7th century, the town was less significant and described by Bede as a "little ruined city" containing the burial site of Etheldreda.
Their vigorous trading habits caused the town to grow rapidly.
In the 19th century, in common with many other English towns, Cambridge expanded rapidly, due in part to increased life expectancy and improved agricultural production leading to increased trade in town markets.
For the city in Massachusetts, United States, see Cambridge, Massachusetts.
For the city in Ontario, Canada, see Cambridge, Ontario.
The Strawberry Fair music and arts festival and Midsummer Fairs are held on Midsummer Common, and the annual Cambridge Beer Festival takes place on Jesus Green.
The city is adjacent to the M11 and A14 roads, and Cambridge station is less than an hour from London King's Cross railway station.