He regarded them as a "new species of knighthood, previously unknown in the secular world..." To him, they were a unique combination of knight and monk; to later historians, they were the first military order, soon imitated by the Knights Hospitaller, by several Spanish orders and, by the end of the 12th century, by the Teutonic Knights.As a holy militia fighting for Christ, the Templars were willing to put aside the usual temptations of ordinary secular life for an arduous, dedicated life of service.The rulers of Aragon and Portugal, confronted directly with the problems of warfare on a volatile frontier, realized their military value more quickly than most others.The Templars began to accumulate a substantial landed base in the West, not only in Francia, Provence, Iberia and England, where they were first known, but also in Italy, Germany and Dalmatia and, with the Latin conquests of Cyprus from 1191 and of the Morea from 1204, in those regions as well.D., when nine knights, mainly French, vowed to protect pilgrims on the dangerous roads leading to Jerusalem.These courageous knights gained the favor of King Baldwin II of Jerusalem who granted them part of his palace for their headquarters, which was located in the southeastern part of the Temple Mount, called "Solomon's Temple".
In fact, the scale of this sudden, unprecented rise was extraordinary, something hardly seen before or since.
At the Council of Troyes, the Templars were given a proper Rule, written in Latin, which ran to 72 clauses.
The impetus given by papal approval and the extraordinary publicity generated by the visits of the leaders to France, England and Scotland in the months before the council ensured that the "New Knighthood" would long outlive its founders.
1129) and they became officially recognized by the papacy.
By the 1170s, there were about 300 knights based in the Kingdom of Jerusalem itself and more in other areas, and by the 1180s, there were at least 600 knights in Jerusalem alone.