Wheel-chairs for SL Poverty Alliviation Sinhala Songs, Baila etc. Observer The Nation Sunday Times Sunday Leader Ada Derana (English) Asian Tribune Colombo Gazette Colombo Telegraph DBS Jeyaraj Groundviews Inf OLanka Lanka e News Mawbima Lanka Lakbima (English) Lanka Business Lanka Truth Lanka Web Lanka Page Sri Lanka News online SPUR SLGuardian Tamil Net Lanka Academic Thuppahi's Blog (Micahel Roberts) J. Ethics Ehipassiko-volumes Deepavamsa and Mahavamsa Bandu Silva's comments on the Mahavamsa, 2011 Mahavamsa chapter by chapter Codrington's history of Ceylon on-line දිනමිණ Virakesari Thinakural Sudar Oli Tamiloosai Neruppu Tamil Week Thenee SL Airforce SL Army Ministry of Defense Defencewire Blog Spot SL Navy SL Nat.Media Centre GOSL news portal Tsunami [Ignore Entry warning] To search this table of place-names, simply use the "search" function of your browser (e.g, use "Edit", then "Find" or Ctrl F) and type in the place name (n.b., many spellings possible, e.g., Vaddukkodai, Vadukoddei, வட்டுக்கோட்டை, Batakotte, බටකෝට්ටෙ), or any word (e.g., Pattini) you are looking for in the dialogue box that opens up: Or click the letter to go directly to a place name: The material in all pages of this website is copyright material, and reproducing it and/or extracting material for commercial purposes or web-republication, without due permission and acknowledgment are considered an infringement.The Romans used names like Salendiv (Cerendiv) closely related to the Greek name Salaka.Arab traders (circa 7th century) used the name Serendib.The name "Sinhalé" was used when Kandasamy was crowned "Sri Wikrama Rajasinghe".The 1815 treaty between the English and the `Adigars' of the Kandyian kingdom use the name Sinhalé therein.The British signed a treaty with the Kandyan Adigars (minsters) handing over Sinhalé to the British in return for their guaranteeing various rights including the primacy of Buddhism.
However, Mudliyar Attapattu who had been dispatched by the King of Kandy (Senerat) with an army of 10,000 defeated the the Portuguese soon after, as documented then by Joao Ribeiro and more recently by Tikiri Abeysinghe, (Jaffna under the Portuguese ISBN 955-1131-70-1).
In modern parlance, the English were brought in by the Kandyans to establish "human Rights"! King Panduwas Dev (Pandukabhaya, 4 century BCE) had divided the country into three provinces, viz., Phiti rata or Raja rata, north of the Mahaweli Ganga and Daduru Oya, Rohana or Ruhuna being south of the Mahaweli and extending up to Kalu ganga, while Maya rata extended from the Kalu Ganga to Deduru oya.
These kingdoms were governed by Yuvarajas (Viceroys) to whome power was delegated by the King.
This is further clarified by noting that eighteen countries are mentioned in early Tamil literature, clearly distinguishing "cinkalam" from "Tamlaak(h)am", viz., cimkaḷam, conaakam, cā vakam, cīṉam, tuḷuvam, kutakam, konkanam, kanna-tam, kollam, telin(g)kam, kalin(g)kam, vaṅkam, kaṅ- kam, makatam, kaṭāram, kavuṭam, koklam, tamilakam; சிங்களம், சோனகம், சாவகம், சீனம், துளுவம், குடகம், கொங் ;கணம், கன்னடம், கொல்லம், தெலிங்கம், கலிங்கம், ;வ ங்கம், கங்கம், மகதம், கடாரம், கவுடம், கோசலம், தமிழகம்.
The early Pali writings of Sri Lanka also mention similar names for kingdoms located in the subcontinent.