Furthermore, other documents, such as Hatshepsut’s Speos Artemidos, depict similar storms, but are clearly speaking figuratively, not literally.
Research indicates that this particular stele is just another reference to the Pharaoh’s overcoming the powers of chaos and darkness.
The eruption devastated the nearby Minoan settlement at Akrotiri on Santorini, which was entombed in a layer of pumice.
It is believed that the eruption also severely affected the Minoan population on Crete, although the extent of the impact is debated.
According to the the collapse of the dynasty and the rise of the Shang dynasty, approximately dated to 1618 BC, were accompanied by “‘yellow fog, a dim sun, then three suns, frost in July, famine, and the withering of all five cereals”.The Minoan eruption of Thera, also referred to as the Thera eruption or Santorini eruption, was a major catastrophic volcanic eruption with a Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) of 6 or 7 and a Dense-rock equivalent (DRE) of 60 km (14 cu mi), which is estimated to have occurred in the mid second millennium BC.The eruption was one of the largest volcanic events on Earth in recorded history.Despite this evidence, the exact date of the eruption has been difficult to determine.For most of the twentieth century, archaeologists placed it at approximately 1500 BC, but this date appeared to be too young as radiocarbon dating analysis of an olive tree buried beneath a lava flow from the volcano indicate that the eruption occurred between 1627 BC and 1600 BC with a 95% degree of probability.