Interparental conflict and adolescent dating relationships

Statistics vary from report to report, and due to the lack of studies on the national cost of domestic violence, the U. Congress funded the CDC to conduct a study to determine the cost of domestic violence on the healthcare system [9].The 2003 CDC report, which relied on data from the National Violence Against Women Survey conducted in 1995, estimated the costs of IPV by measuring how many female victims were nonfatally injured; how many women used medical and mental healthcare services; and how many women lost time from paid work and household chores.Although many of these incidents are relatively minor and consist of pushing, grabbing, shoving, slapping, and hitting, IPV resulted in approximately 1,200 deaths in the United States in 2014, with 205 deaths reported in Florida [7,8].One of the difficulties in addressing the problem is that abuse is prevalent in all demographics, regardless of age, ethnicity, race, religious denomination, education, or socioeconomic status [2].The costs associated with IPV at this time would be considerably more, but no further studies have been conducted [10].It should be noted that the costs of any one victimization may continue for years; therefore, these statistics most likely underestimate the actual cost of IPV [9].Studies reveal that several factors may have contributed to the reduction in violence, including a decline in the marriage rate and decrease of domesticity, better access to federally funded domestic violence shelters, improvements in women's economic status, and demographic trends, such as the aging of the population [13,14].Of note, declines in the economy and stress associated with financial hardship and unemployment are significant contributors to IPV in the United States.

Victims of domestic violence suffer emotional, psychological, and physical abuse, all of which can result in both acute and chronic signs and symptoms of physical and mental disease, illness, and injury.Victims of abuse often suffer severe physical injuries and will likely seek care at a hospital or clinic.The health and economic consequences of domestic violence are significant.According to the Florida Department of Children and Families, domestic violence is "a pattern of behaviors that adults or adolescents use against their intimate partners or former partners to establish power and control.It may include physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, and economic abuse.

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