Researchers and educators tend to focus on one aspect of a person in isolation.
For example, efforts to study or to improve cognitive skills (such as EFs) or academic performance are generally done ignoring whether participants are happy or sad, lonely or healthy. Inability of 5-month-old infants to retrieve a contiguous object: A failure of conceptual understanding or of control of action? PMID10836557 (Special issue: New directions for Child Development in the 21st Century).
Yet sadness, stress, loneliness, or poor health causes ones EF performance to be worse and works against efforts to improve EFs or academic outcomes.
Conversely, EFs are better when one feels emotionally and socially nourished and healthy.
One of those relates to attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In 2012 alone, she gave 40 invited addresses worldwide.
We predict, and are testing, that physicians prescribing the correct dose of psychostimulants for controlling hyperactivity in patients with ADHD are prescribing too high a dose for patients cognitive problems.
Recently we have turned our attention to the possible roles of music, dance, storytelling, traditional martial arts, positive sports, yoga, mindfulness, and even circus for improving executive functions, academic outcomes and mental and physical health.
[up] [home] Adele Diamonds work opened up a new field of inquiry, Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, which marked a milestone in the integration of developmental psychology, cognitive science, and neuroscience.
Since Phe and tyrosine compete to enter the brain, a modest elevation in the Phe to tyrosine ratio in blood would result in a modest reduction in the amount of tyrosine reaching the brain a reduction sufficient to impact PFC but too small to impact other brain regions. Developmental psychologists and neuroscientists used to know little of one anothers work. A model system for studying the role of dopamine in prefrontal cortex during early development in humans. As a graduate student, Diamond realized that for 50 years developmental psychologists and neuroscientists had been using essentially the same behavioral task without knowing it. One goal of the lab is to examine fundamental questions about how PFC and EFs are influenced by biological factors (such as genes and neurochemistry) and by environmental factors (including detrimental influences such as poverty or stress and facilitative ones such as interventions). State University Annual Research Day, Psychiatry Dept., UBC Medical School, Vancouver, BC Other invited talks: in Invited Symposium on "The Prefrontal Cortex and Cognition: New Insights into Willful Behavior," American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Annual Meeting, Boston, MA at International Mtg on "PKU: Brain-Behavior Sequelae," Amsterdam, Netherlands at International Meeting of Developmental Neurology, on "The Clumsy Child - Aetiology, Pathophysiology and Treatment," Groningen, Netherlands Member, ‘Faculty of 1000’: In the Faculty of 1000, the field of biology is divided into 17 Faculties with the aim of organizing & evaluating the life sciences literature. Faculty headed by Martin Raff, Chuck Stevens, Bill Newsome, & Carla Shatz Invited Speaker at: Invited Symposium on "Use of Imaging Techniques in Developmental Research," International Society for Psychobiology Annual Meeting, New Orleans, LA The Developing Child: Brain and Behavior Symposium Series co-sponsored by the Erikson Institute and the University of Chicago, Chicago, IL "Nelson Butters' West Coast Neuropsychology Conference," San Diego, CA Intercampus Neuroscience Symposium, University of Massachusetts, Worcester, MA Foundations of Human Knowledge Acquisition: New Evidence from Infant Researchand Neuroscience, Hanse Institute, Delmenhorst, Germany Invited NIDA Symposium on Neurotransmitters in Brain & Behavioral Development, Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Minneapolis, MN Invited Symposium on the Development and Organization of Prefrontal Function, Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Minneapolis, MN Invited Instructor, Cold Spring Harbor summer course on Developmental Cognitive Neurosci. Groupe d’Action en Neuropsychologie Développementale (Gr AND), Quebec City, QC. For example, the lab examines ways in which unusual properties of the PFC dopamine system contribute to the exceptional sensitivity and vulnerability of PFC and EFs to environmental and genetic variations that have little effect elsewhere in the brain, and how at least some of these effects are different in men and women. Long-lasting, selective visual deficits from short-term exposure to high neonatal phenylalanine levels in humans. (abstract) (pdf) Albert, M., Diamond, A., Fitch, H., Neville, H., Rapp, P., and Tallal, P. Keynote Addresses at: Annual Retreat, Zlotowski Center for Neurosci., Ben Gurion Univ., Beer Sheva, Israel Pediatric Neuroimaging and Drugs," NIDA Meeting, Bethesda, MD Biennial Congress of the German Psychological Association, Jena, Germany ZERO TO THREE Leadership Development Initiative, New Orleans, LA Invited Speaker at: The Frontal Lobes 2000, Rotman Research Inst. to Childrens Cognitive and Social Behavior, Phila., PA Invited Instructor, Mc Donnell Summer Institute in Cognitive Neuroscience, Hanover, NH Presented the Master Lecture on Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience at the Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Indianapolis, IN "A Master Lecture is intended as a sort of tutorial in a particular field....